What is a filling?
A filling means that a hole in a tooth is made and that the teeth return normal function and shape. When the dentist makes a hole, he or she first removes the part of the tooth that is damaged, cleans the damaged area and fills the cleaned hole with a filler material.
A filling prevents the hole in the tooth from getting larger by closing it to the areas where bacteria can enter. The filling materials used are composite plastic, glass atoms, porcelain and gold. Amalgam is currently used very little.
What kind of filling is best?
There is no filler material that suits everyone. What suits you is determined inter alia. of the size of the hole, if you are allergic to any material, where in the mouth the filling should sit and the cost. The different materials are:
Composite plastic has the same color as the teeth and can be used throughout the mouth. The plaster has a texture like marzipan when it is placed in the hole where it is formed and then cures. Composite is not always the best material for large layers because it worsens over time and can also break. Plastic layers can also be discolored by coffee, tea and tobacco. A composite filling usually lasts between three and ten years.
Gold filling – so-called gold inserts – is made clear by a dental technician and is cemented in place. Gold inserts are well tolerated by the gum and can last for more than 20 years. For this reason, many think that gold is the best filling material. But it is usually the most expensive and requires several dental visits.
Porcelain porcelain inserts
– manufactured by a dental technician and bonded (subsequently glued) into place in the tooth. It can match the color of your teeth and resist stains. The cost is about the same as for gold.
Glomeromes contain fluorinated glass where the fluids are leached and reduce the risk of holes. Glomeromer fillings are not well suited for pressure. Different mixtures of glyomeroma and composite are used in the preparation of milk teeth.
Amalgam is a mixture of mercury, silver, copper and tin. It is resistant to wear and tear and is relatively inexpensive. But because of its dark color and that it releases mercury that burden the environment, amalgam fillings are now very small.
If a hole or fracture has damaged a large part of the tooth, perhaps a crown of porcelain or metal is the best option. Holes that have reached the tooth nerve can be treated in two ways: root treatment (the injured nerve is removed) or with a pulmonary overcap (trying to keep the nerve alive).
What happens when you get a fill?
If your dentist decides to fix a hole, he or she first removes the damaged dental tissue in and around the hole and cleans the damaged area. The cleaned hole is then refilled with any of the materials described above.
How do I know if I need a filling?
Only your dentist can decide if you have a hole that needs to be repaired. In control, the dentist uses a small mirror to examine each dental surface.
Everything that looks abnormal is examined more closely with special instruments. Your dentist might do an X-ray examination of all or part of your mouth. The type of treatment your dentist chooses depends on several factors.